The early objectives of higher education in Africa were to provide manpower to serve the civil service of colonial governments. This trend continued following the early periods of independent nations in Africa. Over the years the countries have gained independence, but many are still using the colonial curricula to produce their graduates.
Today, African higher education must change, it must respond to evolving trends and face many challenges: irrelevances of curricula, weak quality assurance mechanisms, poor funding, deteriorating infrastructures, inadequate access despite evident massification in classes, poor teaching methods, which are still teacher-centred, low research and weak innovation. As we move into the future, African higher education will need to take appropriate actions to confront the current challenges. The strategies to be adopted must be multifaceted, both at the political and the technical levels. The article focuses on the actions need to be worked upon and the role of the Association of African Universities. Special attention should be given to youth development in Africa by ensuring that African build up the youths that will drive the development of Africa.